Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Polycystic Kidneys Overview

Another name for Polycystic Kidneys is Polycystic Kidney Disease.

What is polycystic kidney disease?
A person with polycystic kidney disease has a collection of cysts that form in the kidneys. Cysts are noncancerous cavities filled with fluid. The cysts interfere with the proper function of the kidneys, resulting in chronic renal failure or end stage renal disease later in life. Polycystic kidney disease is a rare inherited illness.

What are the symptoms of polycystic kidney disease?
Symptoms of polycystic kidney disease include flank pain, abdominal pain, blood in the urine, increased urinary frequency, increased nighttime urination, and high blood pressure.

How does the doctor treat polycystic kidney disease?
Treatment for polycystic kidney disease may include medications, a kidney disease diet, and restricting fluids in the diet. Treatment for kidney failure caused by polycystic kidney disease requires kidney dialysis or peritoneal dialysis. Kidney transplant may be an option for some patients.

Continue to Polycystic Kidneys Incidence

Last Updated: Aug 30, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Polycystic Kidneys References
  1. Bissler JJ, Dixon BP. A mechanistic approach to inherited polycystic kidney disease. Pediatr Nephrol. 2005 May;20(5):558-66. [15719257]
  2. Smyth BJ, Snyder RW, Balkovetz DF, Lipschutz JH. Recent advances in the cell biology of polycystic kidney disease. Int Rev Cytol. 2003;231:51-89. [14713003]
  3. Torres VE. Therapies to slow polycystic kidney disease. Nephron Exp Nephrol. 2004;98(1):e1-7. [15361692]
  4. Wilson PD. Polycystic kidney disease: new understanding in the pathogenesis. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2004 Oct;36(10):1868-73. [15203099]
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