Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Pneumonic Plague Types

These are five main types of bubonic plague:

  • Bubonic plague:
    • The most common form of plague
    • Transmitted by the bite of an infected flea
  • Pneumonic plague:
    • The most lethal form.
    • Highly contagious
    • Human-to-human transmission is common
  • Meningeal plague:
  • Pharyngeal plague:
  • Septicemic plague:
    • Severe form that is most commonly seen in the elderly
    • Buboes are rare

Continue to Pneumonic Plague Transmission

Last Updated: Dec 2, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Pneumonic Plague References
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  2. Duncan CJ, Scott S. What caused the Black Death? Postgrad Med J. 2005 May;81(955):315-20. [15879045]
  3. Kool JL. Risk of person-to-person transmission of pneumonic plague. Clin Infect Dis. 2005 Apr 15;40(8):1166-72. [15791518]
  4. Lazarus AA, Decker CF. Plague. Respir Care Clin N Am. 2004 Mar;10(1):83-98. [15062229]
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