Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation similar conditions Treatment drugs antibiotics questions for doctor specialist Home Care cough in adults cough in children fever in adults fever in children warning signs wheezing Prevention vaccine Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Transmission Anatomy
Pneumonia Bacterial Wheezing
- Avoid exposure to smoke.
- Avoid cough medicine.
- Avoid sedative medications.
- Avoid substances that trigger wheezing.
- Drink plenty of liquids to remain hydrated.
- Place a vaporizer or nebulizer in the bedroom at night.
Home care for those who take medication for wheezing includes:
- Follow asthma home care instructions.
- Learn to use prescribed inhalers correctly.
- Use short-acting inhalers every 20 minutes, or as directed by your doctor.
- Long-acting medications must be used regularly.
- Learn to use a peak flow meter.
- Know the peak flow danger zones.
- Develop a strategy for using your inhaler based on your PEFR reading
- Stay calm during a wheezing attack.
Peak Flow Zones:
- Green Zone:
- A PEFR reading that is 80-100% of personal best represents good control
- Yellow Zone:
- A PEFR reading that is 50-80% of personal best represents a moderate attack
- Red Zone:
- A PEFR reading that is less than 50% of personal best represents a severe attack and may identify the need for treatment in an emergency department.
Continue to Pneumonia Bacterial Prevention
PubMed Pneumonia Bacterial References
- Fine MJ, Smith MA, Carson CA: Prognosis and outcomes of patients with community-acquired pneumonia. A meta-analysis. JAMA 1996 Jan 10; 275(2): 134-41. 
- Musher DM, Alexandraki I, Graviss EA: Bacteremic and nonbacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia. A prospective study. Medicine (Baltimore) 2000 Jul; 79(4): 210-21. 
- Read RC: Evidence-based medicine: empiric antibiotic therapy in community-acquired pneumonia. J Infect 1999 Nov; 39(3): 171-8. 
- Ruiz-Gonzalez A, Falguera M, Vives M: Community-acquired pneumonia: development of a bedside predictive model and scoring system to identify the aetiology. Respir Med 2000 May; 94(5): 505-10. 
- Shorr AF. Preventing pneumonia: the role for pneumococcal and influenza vaccines. Clin Chest Med. 2005 Mar;26(1):123-34.