Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation similar conditions Treatment drugs antibiotics questions for doctor specialist Home Care cough in adults cough in children fever in adults fever in children warning signs wheezing Prevention vaccine Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Transmission Anatomy
Pneumonia Bacterial Cough in Adults
- Avoid respiratory irritants, such as pollution, pollen, mold, dust and chemical fumes
- Change A/C and furnace filters regularly.
- Do not smoke and avoid exposure to secondary smoke.
- Drink warm liquids to relieve coughing spasms.
- Raise the head of your bed at night and sleep on your left side: this minimizes acid reflux.
- Use throat lozenges.
- Place a vaporizer or nebulizer in the bedroom at night.
- Cough medicines rarely reduce coughing.
- Cough medications that contain dextromethorphan may reduce a dry cough.
- Cough medications that contain guaifenesin (Robitussin) may make it easier to cough up phlegm.
- Guaifenesin is often combined with dextromethorphan (Robitussin-DM).
Cough medication precautions:
- A cough can help clear infected mucus from the lungs. Suppressing the cough may reduce your ability to fight the infection.
- Cough medicine can cause drowsiness. Do not take cough medication if you plan to drive or operate machinery.
- Avoid alcohol.
- Do not take cough medication if you take sedatives or medication for depression.
- Talk to your doctor before you take cough medicine if you have asthma, COPD, emphysema, heart disease or high blood pressure.
Continue to Pneumonia Bacterial Cough in Children
PubMed Pneumonia Bacterial References
- Fine MJ, Smith MA, Carson CA: Prognosis and outcomes of patients with community-acquired pneumonia. A meta-analysis. JAMA 1996 Jan 10; 275(2): 134-41. 
- Musher DM, Alexandraki I, Graviss EA: Bacteremic and nonbacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia. A prospective study. Medicine (Baltimore) 2000 Jul; 79(4): 210-21. 
- Read RC: Evidence-based medicine: empiric antibiotic therapy in community-acquired pneumonia. J Infect 1999 Nov; 39(3): 171-8. 
- Ruiz-Gonzalez A, Falguera M, Vives M: Community-acquired pneumonia: development of a bedside predictive model and scoring system to identify the aetiology. Respir Med 2000 May; 94(5): 505-10. 
- Shorr AF. Preventing pneumonia: the role for pneumococcal and influenza vaccines. Clin Chest Med. 2005 Mar;26(1):123-34.