Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Pneumocystis Pneumonia Overview

What is pneumocystis pneumonia?
A person with Pneumocystis pneumonia has inflammation of the lung, caused by an infection with Pneumocystis carinii. Pneumocystis pneumonia occurs most commonly in people with illnesses that result in a weak immune system, such as AIDS. About 30 percent of people with AIDS develop pneumocystis pneumonia.

What are the symptoms of pneumocystis pneumonia?
Symptoms of Pneumocystis pneumonia include cough, fever, chest pain, chills, fatigue, excessive sweating at night, weakness, and weight loss. Symptoms of severe Pneumocystis pneumonia include cyanosis and severe difficulty breathing.

How does the doctor treat pneumocystis pneumonia?
Treatment for Pneumocystis pneumonia includes rest, antibiotics, bronchodilator medications for wheezing, cough suppressants, and oxygen therapy.

Continue to Pneumocystis Pneumonia Incidence

Last Updated: Aug 30, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Pneumocystis Pneumonia References
  1. Benfield TL, Helweg-Larsen J, Bang D, Junge J, Lundgren JD. Prognostic markers of short-term mortality in AIDS-associated Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Chest. 2001 Mar;119(3):844-51. [11243967]
  2. Morris A, Lundgren JD, Masur H, et al. Current epidemiology of Pneumocystis pneumonia. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004 Oct;10(10):1713-20. [15504255]
  3. Peterson JC, Cushion MT. Pneumocystis: not just pneumonia. Curr Opin Microbiol. 2005 Aug;8(4):393-8. [15996508]
  4. Wohl AR, Simon P, Hu YW, Duchin JS. The role of person-to-person transmission in an epidemiologic study of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. AIDS. 2002 Sep 6;16(13):1821-5. [12218395]
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