Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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PMR Anatomy

To better understand polymyalgia rheumatica, it helps to understand the anatomy of the muscles.

Muscles make up about 40% of total body weight. The human body contains over 300 muscles that provide movement for the entire body.

Examples of major muscles include the:

  • Whole body view
  • Abdominal muscles
  • Face
  • Back
  • Chest
  • Shoulder
  • Arm
  • Neck
  • Thigh
  • Leg

Last Updated: Nov 4, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed PMR References
  1. Bird HA, Leeb BF, Montecucco CM, Misiuniene N, Nesher G, Pai S, Pease C, Rovensky J, Rozman B. A comparison of the sensitivity of diagnostic criteria for polymyalgia rheumatica. Ann Rheum Dis. 2005 Apr;64(4):626-9. [15769919]
  2. Caporali R, Cimmino MA, Ferraccioli G, Gerli R, et al. Systemic Vasculitis Study Group of the Italian Society for Rheumatology. Prednisone plus methotrexate for polymyalgia rheumatica: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Ann Intern Med. 2004 Oct 5;141(7):493-500. [15466766]
  3. Salvarani C, Cantini F, Boiardi L, Hunder GG. Polymyalgia rheumatica. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2004 Oct;18(5):705-22. [15454128]
  4. Spiera R, Spiera H. Inflammatory diseases in older adults: polymyalgia rheumatica. Geriatrics. 2004 Nov;59(11):39-43. [15615159]
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