Phlebotomus Fever Overview
What is phlebotomus fever?
A person with phlebotomus fever has a rare viral infection that is transmitted through the bite of a sand fly. Phlebotomus fever is caused by an arbovirus. The infection usually causes symptoms similar to influenza, but it can also cause inflammation of the brain, called encephalitis.
What are the symptoms of phlebotomus fever?
Symptoms of phlebotomus fever include body aches fatigue, fever, headache, nausea, rash, vomiting, and sensitivity to bright light. Symptoms of severe phlebotomus fever include severe headache, neck pain, neck stiffness, arm weakness, leg weakness, lethargy, confusion, and seizure.
How does the doctor treat phlebotomus fever?
Treatment for phlebotomus fever may include rest, plenty of fluids, narcotic pain medications, sodium stibogluconate, miltefosine, and acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain and fever control.
Continue to Phlebotomus Fever Risk Factors
- Bartelloni PJ, Tesh RB. Clinical and serologic responses of volunteers infected with phlebotomus fever virus (Sicilian type). Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1976 May;25(3):456-62. 
- Travassos da Rosa AP, Tesh RB, Pinheiro FP, Travassos da Rosa JF, Peterson NE. Characterization of eight new phlebotomus fever serogroup arboviruses (Bunyaviridae: Phlebovirus) from the Amazon region of Brazil. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1983 Sep;32(5):1164-71.