Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Personality Disorder Underlying Cause

The cause for personality disorders is unknown.

Continue to Personality Disorder Types

Last Updated: May 7, 2007 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Personality Disorder References
  1. Cassin SE, von Ranson KM. Personality and eating disorders: A decade in Clin Psychol Rev. 2005 Aug 12. [16099563]
  2. Johnson JG, Cohen P, Kasen S, Brook JS. Personality disorders evident by early adulthood and risk for anxiety disorders during middle adulthood. J Anxiety Disord. 2005 Jul 26. [16054332]
  3. Shedler J, Westen D: Refining personality disorder diagnosis: integrating science and practice. Am J Psychiatry 2004 Aug; 161(8): 1350-65. [15285958]
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