Peripheral Artery Disease Treatment
Treatment for peripheral vascular disease may include avoiding smoking, a low fat diet, a low cholesterol diet, weight loss, blood thinner medications, aspirin, thrombolytic medications, and surgery.
Specific treatment for peripheral vascular disease may include:
- Stop smoking
- Regular exercise
- Weight loss if you are overweight
- Diabetes treatment
- High blood pressure treatment
- High cholesterol treatment
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain:
- Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Nuprin, NeoProfen)
- Ketoprofen (Actron, Orudis, Oruvail)
- Naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, Aleve)
- Narcotic pain medication:
- For moderate to severe pain
- For short term use only
- Antiplatelet medications for peripheral vascular disease:
- Anticoagulants for peripheral vascular disease:
- Thrombolytic medications for peripheral vascular disease:
- To dissolve clots that completely block narrowed arteries
- Angioplasty for peripheral vascular disease
- Surgery for peripheral vascular disease:
- Synthetic tubing, or a vein from the leg, is attached to the artery, above and below the narrowed part of the artery. This allows blood to flow around the narrowed segment.
Peripheral Artery Disease Diet
Following a healthy diet is important to reduce the risk of new or worsening peripheral vascular disease.
General dietary recommendations for people with peripheral vascular disease:
- Control calories:
- Eat quality fats:
- Use virgin olive oil and other unsaturated, low-cholesterol fats.
- Eat the right amount of fats, carbohydrates and protein:
- Limit your fat intake to 20 or 30 percent, but don't substitute simple carbohydrates for fat.
- Less than 7% of the day's total calories from saturated fat.
- Up to 10% of the day's total calories from polyunsaturated fat.
- Up to 20% of the day's total calories from monounsaturated fat
- Avoid fad diets:
- Eat a well-rounded diet instead.
- Eat small, frequent meals.
- Avoid large and heavy meals.
- Limit cholesterol in diet:
- To less than 200 milligrams a day.
- Limit iron intake:
- Eat enough dietary fiber:
- Whole grains are best.
- Eat plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables
- Reduce salt in your diet
- Optimal: no more than 2 grams per day.
- Check with your doctor about supplementing your diet with B vitamins:
Peripheral Artery Disease Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of peripheral vascular disease.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- Is surgery an option for me?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- Do I need to stay in the hospital?
- How long will I be in the hospital?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- Do I need to lose weight?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- When can I return to work?
- Do I need a special exercise program?
- Will I need physical therapy?
- Will I need occupational therapy?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for complications of peripheral vascular disease?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Peripheral Artery Disease Specialist
Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat peripheral vascular disease:
Continue to Peripheral Artery Disease Home Care
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