Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Periorbital Cellulitis Underlying Cause

Periorbital cellulitis is caused by bacterial infection of the skin around the eye. Bacteria are normally on the surface of the skin. Usually, the bacteria are harmless because the surface of the skin acts as a protective barrier. When this barrier is broken, bacteria can enter the skin beneath the surface and start to grow, resulting in cellulitis.

Periorbital cellulitis may also be caused by infections that spread to the skin around the eye.

Causes of periorbital cellulitis include:

Last Updated: Feb 8, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Periorbital Cellulitis References
  1. Ambati BK, Ambati J, Azar N, Stratton L, Schmidt EV. Periorbital and orbital cellulitis before and after the advent of Haemophilus influenzae type B vaccination. Ophthalmology. 2000 Aug;107(8):1450-3. [10919886]
  2. Howe L, Jones NS. Guidelines for the management of periorbital cellulitis/abscess. Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci. 2004 Dec;29(6):725-8. [15533168]
  3. Schwartz GR, Wright SW. Changing bacteriology of periorbital cellulitis. Ann Emerg Med. 1996 Dec;28(6):617-20. [8953949]
  4. Starkey CR, Steele RW. Medical management of orbital cellulitis. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2001 Oct;20(10):1002-5. [11642617]
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