Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Periodontal Disease Overview

What is periodontal disease?
A person with periodontal disease has inflammation of the ligaments and bones that support the teeth. The inflammation is caused by bacteria that are normally present inside the mouth. About 90 percent of the people in the US have some degree of periodontal disease.

What are the symptoms of periodontal disease?
Common symptoms of periodontal disease include gum redness, gum swelling, painful gums, bad breath, dental pain, and a bad taste in the mouth. Symptoms of advanced periodontal disease may include fever, facial pain, facial swelling, and tooth loss.

How does the doctor treat periodontal disease?
Treatment for periodontal disease may include oral antibiotics, antiseptic mouthwash, good oral hygiene, and regular dental cleanings.

Continue to Periodontal Disease Incidence

Last Updated: Aug 20, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Periodontal Disease References
  1. Bascones A, Gamonal J, Gomez M, Silva A, Gonzalez MA. New knowledge of the pathogenesis of periodontal disease. Quintessence Int. 2004 Oct;35(9):706-16. [15470994]
  2. Campus G, Salem A, Uzzau S, Baldoni E, Tonolo G. Diabetes and periodontal disease: a case-control study. J Periodontol. 2005 Mar;76(3):418-25. [15857077]
  3. Kinane DF, Lappin DF. Immune processes in periodontal disease: a review. Ann Periodontol. 2002 Dec;7(1):62-71. [16013218]
  4. Schifferle RE. Nutrition and periodontal disease. Dent Clin North Am. 2005 Jul;49(3):595-610, vii. [15978243]
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