Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Penis Cancer Underlying Cause

The cause for penile cancer is unknown, but genetics may play a role in determining risk.

Genes control all of the functions inside a cell. Special genes control how cells divide and grow. Cancer occurs when the damaged genes stimulate the cell to multiply out of control. The exact cause for this damage is unknown.


  • DNA
  • Genes on chromosomes
  • Cancer cells
  • Cancer cell division

Last Updated: Jun 11, 2009 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Penis Cancer References
  1. Hamid R, Shergill I, Arya M, Patel HR. Penile cancer: an overview. Hosp Med. 2002 Dec;63(12):718-21. [12512197]
  2. Siow WY, Cheng C. Penile cancer: current challenges. Can J Urol. 2005 Feb;12 Suppl 1:18-23; discussion 97-8. [15780160]
  3. Stancik I, Holtl W. Penile cancer: review of the recent literature. Curr Opin Urol. 2003 Nov;13(6):467-72. [14560140]
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