Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Pelvic Bone Fracture Anatomy

To better understand pelvic bone fracture, it helps to understand the anatomy of the pelvic bone.

The pelvis supports the spinal column and forms the hip joints.

The other functions of the pelvis include:

  • Production of blood cells:
    • Red blood cells (erythrocytes)
    • White blood cells (leukocytes)
    • Platelets (thrombocytes)
  • Protection of pelvic organs:
    • Bladder
    • Reproductive organs
    • Sigmoid colon and rectum
  • Muscles in the abdomen, back and thighs attach to the pelvis

Anatomy examples:
  • Bones and ligaments of the pelvis
  • Sacrum and coccyx
  • Sacroiliac joint of the pelvis
  • Major blood vessels of the pelvis:

Last Updated: Jul 7, 2009 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Pelvic Bone Fracture References
  1. Blackmore CC, Jurkovich GJ, Linnau KF, Cummings P, Hoffer EK, Rivara FP. Assessment of volume of hemorrhage and outcome from pelvic fracture. Arch Surg. 2003 May;138(5):504-8. [12742953]
  2. Fangio P, Asehnoune K, Edouard A, Smail N, Benhamou D. Early embolization and vasopressor administration for management of life-threatening hemorrhage from pelvic fracture. J Trauma. 2005 May;58(5):978-84. [15920412]
  3. Heetveld MJ, Harris I, Schlaphoff G, Sugrue M. Guidelines for the management of haemodynamically unstable pelvic fracture patients. ANZ J Surg. 2004 Jul;74(7):520-9. [15230782]
  4. O'brien DP, Luchette FA, Pereira SJ, Lim E, Seeskin CS, James L, Miller S, Davis K Jr, Hurst JM, Johannigman JA, Frame SB. Pelvic fracture in the elderly is associated with increased mortality.Surgery. 2002 Oct;132(4):710-4. [12407356]
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