Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Pelvic Abscess Anatomy

To better understand tubo-ovarian abscess, it helps to understand the anatomy of the uterus, cervix, and Fallopian tubes.

The uterus, or womb, is part of the female reproductive system. The cervix is the lowest part of the uterus. The ovaries, fallopian tubes and vagina are the other parts of the female reproductive system.

Anatomy examples:

  • The uterus, cervix, and vaginal canal
  • The bladder
  • The fallopian tubes:
    • These paired structures connect each ovary to the uterus
  • The ovaries:
    • One on each side of the uterus. A normal adult ovary is about the size of an unshelled almond
  • Female organs during a pelvic examination

Last Updated: Jan 6, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Pelvic Abscess References
  1. Crossman SH. The challenge of pelvic inflammatory disease. Am Fam Physician. 2006 Mar 1;73(5):859-64. Review. Erratum in: Am Fam Physician. 2006 Dec 15;74(12):2024. [16529095]
  2. Krivak TC, Cooksey C, Propst AM. Tubo-ovarian abscess: diagnosis, medical and surgical management. Compr Ther. 2004 Summer;30(2):93-100. [15566104]
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