Treatment for lice depends on the location of the infestation. Treatment for lice often includes insecticide shampoo, insecticide cream, or oral medications. Clothes and bedding must be washed in hot water every day. Reinfestation is a common problem.
Treatment for lice includes:
- Washing clothes and bedding in hot water every day
- Combs, brushes, and headbands should not be shared.
- Insecticide shampoo
- Insecticide cream
- Topical agents should be applied to clothing, especially the seams.
- Oral medications
Nonprescription insecticide shampoos:
Prescription insecticide shampoos:
- Mercuric oxide:
- Used for lice on the eyelashes
- Malathion (Ovide lotion)
Oral insecticide medication:
Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat lice:
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- Fournier PE, Ndihokubwayo JB, Guidran J, Kelly PJ, Raoult D. Human pathogens in body and head lice. Emerg Infect Dis. 2002 Dec;8(12):1515-8. 
- Venna S, Fleischer AB Jr, Feldman SR. Scabies and lice: review of the clinical features and management principles. Dermatol Nurs. 2001 Aug;13(4):257-62; quiz 265-6.