Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Symptoms Underlying Cause Anatomy

Pathologic Fracture Anatomy

To better understand pathologic bone fracture, it helps to understand the anatomy of the bony skeleton.

The bony skeleton is a living structure that supports the entire body. Bone made up of an outer shell of cortical, or very dense, bone that surrounds a honeycomb-like structure of softer (cancellous) bone. Bone mainly consists of protein and calcium. Without calcium, bone will become weak.

The human skeleton can be divided into two sections:

  • Axial skeleton: a total of 80 bones including the skull, spine, and chest
  • Appendicular skeleton: a total of 126 bones including the pelvic girdle, limbs, feet and hands

Anatomy examples:
  • Internal structure of bone
  • The pelvic girdle
  • The chest
  • The skull
  • The spine
  • Skeletal system
  • Hands and wrists
  • Feet

Last Updated: Feb 17, 2009 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
Copyright DSHI Systems, Inc. Powered by: FreeMD - Your Virtual Doctor

PubMed Pathologic Fracture References
  1. Fayad LM, Kamel IR, Kawamoto S, Bluemke DA, Frassica FJ, Fishman EK. Distinguishing stress fractures from pathologic fractures: a multimodality approach. Skeletal Radiol. 2005 May;34(5):245-59. Epub 2005 Mar 15. [15838703]
  2. Jacofsky DJ, Haidukewych GJ. Management of pathologic fractures of the proximal femur: state of the art. J Orthop Trauma. 2004 Aug;18(7):459-69. [15289695]
  3. Verlaan L, van der Wal B, de Maat GJ, Walenkamp G, Nollen-Lopez L, van Ooij A. Primary hyperparathyroidism and pathological fractures: a review. Acta Orthop Belg. 2007 Jun;73(3):300-5. [17715718]
FreeMD is provided for information purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for evaluation and treatment by a physician. Please review our terms of use.