Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation Treatment questions for doctor specialist Home Care pain and fever warning signs Prevention Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Anatomy

Parotid Infection Underlying Cause

Causes of parotitis include:

  • Parotid duct stone:
    • A stone forms in the parotid gland
    • The stone becomes stuck in the parotid duct
    • Saliva is unable to drain from the parotid gland
    • The parotid gland becomes inflamed
  • Bacterial infection of the parotid gland:
    • Bacteria from the mouth invade the parotid gland
  • Tuberculosis
  • Dehydration
  • HIV infection
  • Medications:
  • Mumps

Causes of long-standing parotitis include:

Continue to Parotid Infection Anatomy

Last Updated: Feb 8, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Parotid Infection References
  1. Brook I. Acute bacterial suppurative parotitis: microbiology and management. J Craniofac Surg. 2003 Jan;14(1):37-40. [12544218]
  2. Chitre VV, Premchandra DJ. Recurrent parotitis. Arch Dis Child. 1997 Oct;77(4):359-63. [9389246]
  3. Mandel L, Witek EL. Chronic parotitis: diagnosis and treatment. J Am Dent Assoc. 2001 Dec;132(12):1707-11. [11780991]
  4. Motamed M, Laugharne D, Bradley PJ. Management of chronic parotitis: a review. J Laryngol Otol. 2003 Jul;117(7):521-6. [12901804]
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