Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Parotid Gland Infection Underlying Cause

Causes of parotitis include:

  • Parotid duct stone:
    • A stone forms in the parotid gland
    • The stone becomes stuck in the parotid duct
    • Saliva is unable to drain from the parotid gland
    • The parotid gland becomes inflamed
  • Bacterial infection of the parotid gland:
    • Bacteria from the mouth invade the parotid gland
  • Tuberculosis
  • Dehydration
  • HIV infection
  • Medications:
  • Mumps

Causes of long-standing parotitis include:

Continue to Parotid Gland Infection Anatomy

Last Updated: Feb 8, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Parotid Gland Infection References
  1. Brook I. Acute bacterial suppurative parotitis: microbiology and management. J Craniofac Surg. 2003 Jan;14(1):37-40. [12544218]
  2. Chitre VV, Premchandra DJ. Recurrent parotitis. Arch Dis Child. 1997 Oct;77(4):359-63. [9389246]
  3. Mandel L, Witek EL. Chronic parotitis: diagnosis and treatment. J Am Dent Assoc. 2001 Dec;132(12):1707-11. [11780991]
  4. Motamed M, Laugharne D, Bradley PJ. Management of chronic parotitis: a review. J Laryngol Otol. 2003 Jul;117(7):521-6. [12901804]
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