Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Parathyroid Gland is Overactive Anatomy

To better understand hyperparathyroidism, it helps to understand the anatomy of the parathyroid glands.

The four parathyroid glands are located in the neck, embedded inside of the thyroid gland. These glands are responsible for secreting parathyroid hormone.

Parathyroid hormone regulates calcium, phosphate, and magnesium levels in the body. Increased levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH) cause an increase in blood calcium levels by removing calcium from the bones. The removal of calcium from the bones causes weakness of the bones.

Last Updated: Nov 4, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Parathyroid Gland is Overactive References
  1. Damiani D, Aguiar CH, Bueno VS, Montenegro FL, Koch VH, Cocozza AM, Cordeiro AC, Dichtchekenian V, Setian N. Primary hyperparathyroidism in children: patient report and review of the literature. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 1998 Jan-Feb;11(1):83-6. [9642634]
  2. Reeve TS, Babidge WJ, Parkyn RF, Edis AJ, Delbridge LW, Devitt PG, Maddern GJ. Minimally invasive surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism: systematic review. Arch Surg. 2000 Apr;135(4):481-7. [10768716]
  3. Ruda JM, Hollenbeak CS, Stack BC Jr. A systematic review of the diagnosis and treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism from 1995 to 2003. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005 Mar;132(3):359-72. [15746845]
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