Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Painful Monthly Cycles Underlying Cause

The cause for painful menstrual periods is not clear. It may be due to the production of prostaglandin hormones, which cause the uterus to contract. The contractions cause pelvic pain and cramps.

Continue to Painful Monthly Cycles Anatomy

Last Updated: Jul 7, 2009 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Painful Monthly Cycles References
  1. Coco AS. Primary dysmenorrhea. Am Fam Physician. 1999 Aug;60(2):489-96. [10465224]
  2. Davis AR, Westhoff CL. Primary dysmenorrhea in adolescent girls and treatment with oral contraceptives. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2001 Feb;14(1):3-8. [11358700]
  3. Mehlisch DR. Double-blind crossover comparison of ketoprofen, naproxen, and placebo in patients with primary dysmenorrhea. Clin Ther. 1990 Sep-Oct;12(5):398-409. [2268862]
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