Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Painful Hand after Injury Anatomy

To better understand hand injury, it helps to understand the anatomy of the hand.

The anatomy of the hand includes:

  • Bones:
    • Phalanges or finger bones (14)
    • Metacarpal bones:
    • Articulate with the phalanges (5)
    • Carpal bones:
    • Articulate with the wrist (8)
  • Blood vessels
  • Nerves:
    • Carry information to and from the brain
  • Ligaments:
    • Strong bands that hold the joints together
  • Tendons:
    • Strong bands that attach muscles to bones.
    • When a muscle tightens, the tendon pulls on a bone causing an area to move.
  • Muscles:
    • Cause movement by pulling on tendons.
  • Skin and nails

Last Updated: Nov 3, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Painful Hand after Injury References
  1. Campbell DA, Kay SP. The Hand Injury Severity Scoring System. J Hand Surg [Br]. 1996 Jun;21(3):295-8. [8771461]
  2. Chan J, Spencer J. Adaptation to hand injury: an evolving experience. Am J Occup Ther. 2004 Mar-Apr;58(2):128-39. [15068148]
  3. Gustafsson M, Ahlstrom G. Problems experienced during the first year of an acute traumatic hand injury - a prospective study. J Clin Nurs. 2004 Nov;13(8):986-95. [15533105]
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