Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Painful Face Anatomy

To better understand facial pain, it helps to understand the anatomy of the face.

The bones of the face include:

  • Frontal bone:
    • Forehead
  • Mandible:
    • Lower jaw
  • Maxilla:
    • Inner cheek bones
  • Nasal bones
  • Zygoma:
    • Outer cheek bones

Anatomy of the face includes:
  • Bones of the face and skull
  • Muscles of the face
  • Arteries and nerves of the face
  • The orbit
  • The nasal bones
  • The jaw
  • Temporal artery and parotid gland
  • Salivary glands
  • Trigeminal nerve

Last Updated: Jan 7, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Painful Face References
  1. Al-Din AS, Mir R, Davey R, Lily O, Ghaus N. Trigeminal cephalgias and facial pain syndromes associated with autonomic dysfunction. Cephalalgia. 2005 Aug;25(8):605-11. [16033386]
  2. Guler N, Durmus E, Tuncer S. Long-term follow-up of patients with atypical facial pain treated with amitriptyline. N Y State Dent J. 2005 Jun-Jul;71(4):38-42. [16146306]
  3. Hentschel K, Capobianco DJ, Dodick DW. Facial pain. Neurologist. 2005 Jul;11(4):244-9. [15989697]
  4. Korszun A. Facial pain, depression and stress - connections and directions. J Oral Pathol Med. 2002 Nov;31(10):615-9. [12406308]
  5. Larrier D, Lee A. Anatomy of headache and facial pain. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2003 Dec;36(6):1041-53, v. [15025005]
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