Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Pain in the Labia Anatomy

To better understand vaginal pain, it helps to understand the anatomy of the vagina.

The female genitals, or vulva, include two sets of skin folds: the labia minor and the labia major. The vulva surround the clitoris, the urethra, and the opening to the vagina. The urethra empties urine from the bladder. The vagina leads to the cervix, which is the opening to the uterus, or womb.

Anatomy examples:

  • Female perineum
  • Cross section of pelvis through bladder
  • Female reproductive organs

Last Updated: Jul 31, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Pain in the Labia References
  1. Edwards L. New concepts in vulvodynia. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Sep;189(3 Suppl):S24-30. [14532900]
  2. Edwards L. Subsets of vulvodynia: overlapping characteristics. J Reprod Med. 2004 Nov;49(11):883-7. [15603098]
  3. Haefner HK, Collins ME, Davis GD, Edwards L, Foster DC, Hartmann ED, Kaufman RH, Lynch PJ, Margesson LJ, Moyal-Barracco M, Piper CK, Reed BD, Stewart EG, Wilkinson EJ. The vulvodynia guideline. J Low Genit Tract Dis. 2005 Jan;9(1):40-51. [15870521]
  4. Lotery HE, McClure N, Galask RP. Vulvodynia. Lancet. 2004 Mar 27;363(9414):1058-60. [15065562]
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