Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Ovarian Cysts Overview

Another name for Ovarian Cysts is Ovarian Cystic Disease.

What is ovarian cystic disease?
A woman with ovarian cystic disease has abnormally large, painful ovarian cysts. Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form in the ovary. They occur normally in all women prior to menopause. Causes of ovarian cystic disease include hormone imbalances, polycystic ovary disease, and infertility drugs.

What are the symptoms of ovarian cystic disease?
Symptoms of ovarian cystic disease include lower back pain, lower abdominal pain, or pelvic pain that may worsen during intercourse. Additional symptoms may include painful menstrual periods, heavy menstrual periods, and irregular menstrual periods.

How does the doctor treat ovarian cystic disease?
In most cases, ovarian cysts resolve without treatment within two months. Treatment for ovarian cystic disease may include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications or narcotic pain medications. Oral contraceptives may be used to reduce the risk for future ovarian cysts, while treatment for large ovarian cysts may require surgery.

Continue to Ovarian Cysts Incidence

Last Updated: Oct 29, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Ovarian Cysts References
  1. Caspi B, Goldchmit R, Zalel Y, Appelman Z, Insler V. Sonographically guided aspiration of ovarian cyst with simple appearance. J Ultrasound Med. 1996 Apr;15(4):297-300. [8683664]
  2. Fan LD, Zang HY, Zhang XS. Ovarian epidermoid cyst: report of eight cases. Int J Gynecol Pathol. 1996 Jan;15(1):69-71. [8852449]
  3. Holt VL, Cushing-Haugen KL, Daling JR. Oral contraceptives, tubal sterilization, and functional ovarian cyst risk. Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Aug;102(2):252-8. [12907096]
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