Ovarian Cystic Disease Anatomy
To better understand ovarian cystic disease, it helps to understand the anatomy of the ovaries and female genital tract.
The female reproductive organs include the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries.
Women have two ovaries: one on each side of the uterus. The normal ovary is approximately the size of an unshelled almond.
The ovaries produce female sex hormones: estrogen and progesterone. They also contain between 250, 000 and 500, 000 follicles, or eggs. A follicle is a tiny structure that eventually will burst and release an egg into the fallopian tube. This occurs each month in the middle of the normal menstrual cycle.
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