Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation Treatment calcium drugs bisphosphonates questions for doctor specialist Home Care diet taking control warning signs Prevention Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Anatomy

Osteoporosis Anatomy

To better understand osteoporosis, it helps to understand bone anatomy.

The skeleton is a living structure that supports the entire body. Bone is made up of an outer shell of very dense bone that surrounds a honeycomb-like structure of softer bone. Bone mainly consists of protein and calcium. Without calcium, bone will become weak.

The human skeleton can be divided into two sections:

  • Axial skeleton:
    • A total of 80 bones including the skull, spine, and chest
  • Appendicular skeleton:
    • A total of 126 bones including the pelvic girdle, limbs, feet and hands

Anatomy examples:
  • Internal structure of bone
  • The pelvic girdle
  • The chest
  • The skull
  • The spine
  • Skeletal system
  • Lower extremity
  • Hands and wrists
  • Feet

Last Updated: Feb 17, 2009 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
Copyright DSHI Systems, Inc. Powered by: FreeMD - Your Virtual Doctor

PubMed Osteoporosis References
  1. Elliot-Gibson V, Bogoch ER, Jamal SA, Beaton DE. Practice patterns in the diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis after a fragility fracture: a systematic review. Osteoporos Int. 2004 Oct;15(10):767-78. [15258724 ]
  2. Geusens PP. Review of guidelines for testing and treatment of osteoporosis. Curr Osteoporos Rep. 2003 Sep;1(2):59-65. [16036066]
  3. Lane NE, Kelman A. A review of anabolic therapies for osteoporosis. Arthritis Res Ther. 2003;5(5):214-22. [12932280]
  4. Lin JT, Lane JM. Osteoporosis: a review. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2004 Aug;(425):126-34. [15292797]
  5. Moyad MA. Osteoporosis: a rapid review of risk factors and screening methods. Urol Oncol. 2003 Sep-Oct;21(5):375-9. [14670548]
FreeMD is provided for information purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for evaluation and treatment by a physician. Please review our terms of use.