Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Symptoms Treatment Underlying Cause Anatomy

Osteomalacia Childhood Anatomy

To better understand rickets, it helps to understand the anatomy of the skeleton.

The skeleton is a living structure that supports the entire body. Bone is made up of an outer shell of very dense bone that surrounds a honeycomb-like structure of softer bone. Bone mainly consists of protein and calcium. Without calcium, bone will become weak.

The human skeleton can be divided into two sections:

  • Axial skeleton: a total of 80 bones, including the skull, spine, and chest
  • Appendicular skeleton: a total of 126 bones, including the pelvic girdle, limbs, feet and hands

Anatomy examples:
  • Internal structure of bone
  • The pelvic girdle
  • The chest
  • The skull
  • The spine
  • Skeletal system
  • Lower extremity
  • Hands and wrists
  • Feet

Last Updated: Oct 13, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Osteomalacia Childhood References
  1. Lerch C, Meissner T. Interventions for the prevention of nutritional rickets in term born children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007 Oct 17;(4):CD006164. [17943890]
  2. Nield LS, Mahajan P, Joshi A, Kamat D. Rickets: not a disease of the past. Am Fam Physician. 2006 Aug 15;74(4):619-26. [16939184]
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