Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Osteoid Osteoma Anatomy

To better understand osteoid osteoma, it helps to understand bone anatomy.

The skeleton is a living structure that supports the entire body. Bone is made up of an outer shell of very dense bone that surrounds a honeycomb-like structure of softer bone. Bone mainly consists of protein and calcium. Without calcium, bone will become weak.

The human skeleton can be divided into two sections:

  • Axial skeleton:
    • A total of 80 bones including the skull, spine, and chest
  • Appendicular skeleton:
    • A total of 126 bones including the pelvic girdle, limbs, feet and hands

Anatomy examples:
  • Internal structure of bone
  • The pelvic girdle
  • The chest
  • The skull
  • The spine
  • Skeletal system
  • Lower extremity
  • Hands and wrists
  • Feet

Last Updated: Feb 17, 2009 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Osteoid Osteoma References
  1. Allen SD, Saifuddin A. Imaging of intra-articular osteoid osteoma. Clin Radiol. 2003 Nov;58(11):845-52. [14581007]
  2. Hosalkar HS, Garg S, Moroz L, Pollack A, Dormans JP. The diagnostic accuracy of MRI versus CT imaging for osteoid osteoma in children. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2005 Apr;(433):171-7. [15805954]
  3. Marcuzzi A, Acciaro AL, Landi A. Osteoid osteoma of the hand and wrist. J Hand Surg. 2002 Oct;27(5):440-3. [12367542]
  4. Witt J. Management of osteoid osteoma. Hosp Med. 2002 Apr;63(4):207-9. [11995269]
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