Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Osteochondroma Anatomy

To better understand osteochondroma, it helps to understand bone anatomy.

The skeleton is a living structure that supports the entire body. Bone is made up of an outer shell of very dense bone that surrounds a honeycomb-like structure of softer bone. Bone mainly consists of protein and calcium. Without calcium, bone will become weak.

The human skeleton can be divided into two sections:

  • Axial skeleton:
    • A total of 80 bones including the skull, spine, and chest
  • Appendicular skeleton:
    • A total of 126 bones including the pelvic girdle, limbs, feet and hands

Anatomy examples:
  • Internal structure of bone
  • The pelvic girdle
  • The chest
  • The skull
  • The spine
  • Skeletal system
  • Lower extremity
  • Hands and wrists
  • Feet

Last Updated: Dec 22, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Osteochondroma References
  1. Carpintero P, Leon F, Zafra M, Montero M, Berral FJ. Fractures of osteochondroma during physical exercise. Am J Sports Med. 2003 Nov-Dec;31(6):1003-6. [14623671]
  2. Jose Alcaraz Mexia M, Izquierdo Nunez E, Santonja Garriga C, Maria Salgado Salinas R. Osteochondroma of the thoracic spine and scoliosis. Spine. 2001 May 1;26(9):1082-5. [11337629]
  3. Murphey MD, Choi JJ, Kransdorf MJ, Flemming DJ, Gannon FH. Imaging of osteochondroma: variants and complications with radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 2000 Sep-Oct;20(5):1407-34. [10992031]
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