Osteochondritis Dissecans Overview
What is osteochondritis dissecans?
Osteochondritis dissecans is a rare bone disease that occurs when the blood supply is decreased to the part of a bone that lies near a joint. Osteochondritis dissecans occurs most commonly in the knee, but may also occur in the elbow and ankle. The underlying cause is unknown, but injury, repetitive stress, and genetics may play a role. There are two types of osteochondritis dissecans: juvenile osteochondritis dissecans and adult osteochondritis dissecans. The condition occurs most commonly in teens and young adults.
What are the symptoms of osteochondritis dissecans?
Symptoms of osteochondritis dissecans include joint pains: knee pain, ankle pain, and elbow pain. Additional symptoms include clicking and popping of the painful joint with movement, joint stiffness, joint tenderness, and decreased range of motion of the joint. Osteochondritis dissecans in the knee or ankle may also cause limping.
How does the doctor treat osteochondritis dissecans?
Treatment for osteochondritis dissecans may include rest, crutches, a cast or splint, physical therapy, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain, and arthroscopy.
Continue to Osteochondritis Dissecans Incidence
- Crawford DC, Safran MR. Osteochondritis dissecans of the knee. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2006 Feb;14(2):90-100. 
- Kocher MS, Tucker R, Ganley TJ, Flynn JM. Management of osteochondritis dissecans of the knee: current concepts review. Am J Sports Med. 2006 Jul;34(7):1181-91.