Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Orofacial Dystonia Overview

Another name for Orofacial Dystonia is Acute Dystonic Reaction.

What is an acute dystonic reaction?
A person with an acute dystonic reaction has severe muscle spasms, caused by the group of medications used to treat schizophrenia.

What are the symptoms of an acute dystonic reaction?
An acute dystonic reaction usually causes spasms of the muscles in the neck, face and limbs. This often results in difficulty moving the neck or mouth.

How does the doctor treat an acute dystonic reaction?
The effects of an acute dystonic reaction are usually reversed with medications.

Continue to Orofacial Dystonia Incidence

Last Updated: Feb 15, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Orofacial Dystonia References
  1. Altamura AC, Sassella F, Santini A, Montresor C, Fumagalli S, Mundo E. Intramuscular preparations of antipsychotics: uses and relevance in clinical practice. Drugs. 2003;63(5):493-512. [12600227]
  2. Barach E, Dubin LM, Tomlanovich MC, Kottamasu S. Dystonia presenting as upper airway obstruction. J Emerg Med. 1989 May-Jun;7(3):237-40. [2568376]
  3. Leary PM. Adverse reactions in children. Special considerations in prevention and management. Drug Safety. 1991 May-Jun;6(3):171-82. [2064761]
  4. Raja M, Azzoni A. Novel antipsychotics and acute dystonic reactions. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2001 Dec;4(4):393-7. [11806865]
  5. Raja M. Managing antipsychotic-induced acute and tardive dystonia. Drug Saf. 1998 Jul;19(1):57-72. [9673858]
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