Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Orbital Cellulitis Overview

Another name for Orbital Cellulitis is Periorbital Cellulitis.

What is periorbital cellulitis?
A person with periorbital cellulitis has a bacterial infection of the skin and soft tissue that surrounds the eye. Bacteria are normally on the surface of the skin. Usually, the bacteria are harmless because the surface of the skin acts as a protective barrier. When this barrier is broken, bacteria can enter the skin beneath the surface and start to grow, resulting in cellulitis.

What are the symptoms of periorbital cellulitis?
Symptoms of periorbital cellulitis include redness, swelling, and tenderness of the skin around the eye. Symptoms of worsening periorbital cellulitis include eye pain, eye redness, facial pain, blurry vision, fever, double vision, headache, and vomiting.

How does the doctor treat periorbital cellulitis?
Treatment for periorbital cellulitis includes warm compresses, antibiotics, acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain and fever, and narcotic pain medications.

Continue to Orbital Cellulitis Incidence

Last Updated: Nov 2, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Orbital Cellulitis References
  1. Ambati BK, Ambati J, Azar N, Stratton L, Schmidt EV. Periorbital and orbital cellulitis before and after the advent of Haemophilus influenzae type B vaccination. Ophthalmology. 2000 Aug;107(8):1450-3. [10919886]
  2. Howe L, Jones NS. Guidelines for the management of periorbital cellulitis/abscess. Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci. 2004 Dec;29(6):725-8. [15533168]
  3. Schwartz GR, Wright SW. Changing bacteriology of periorbital cellulitis. Ann Emerg Med. 1996 Dec;28(6):617-20. [8953949]
  4. Starkey CR, Steele RW. Medical management of orbital cellulitis. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2001 Oct;20(10):1002-5. [11642617]
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