Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Open Foramen Ovale Evaluation

An evaluation of atrial septal defect begins with a medical history and physical examination.

Physical findings in those with atrial septal defect may include:

Tests are required to make the diagnosis of atrial septal defect, and to determine its severity.

Tests that may be used to evaluate an atrial septal defect include:

Continue to Open Foramen Ovale Treatment

Last Updated: Nov 17, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Open Foramen Ovale References
  1. Baskett RJ, Tancock E, Ross DB. The gold standard for atrial septal defect closure: current surgical results, with an emphasis on morbidity. Pediatr Cardiol. 2003 Sep-Oct;24(5):444-7. [14627310]
  2. Graham TP Jr, Driscoll DJ, Gersony WM, Newburger JW, Rocchini A, Towbin JA. Task Force 2: congenital heart disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Apr 19;45(8):1326-33. [15837282]
  3. Moake L, Ramaciotti C. Atrial septal defect treatment options. AACN Clin Issues. 2005 Apr-Jun;16(2):252-66. [15876892]
  4. Pinto FJ. When and how to diagnose patent foramen ovale. Heart. 2005 Apr;91(4):438-40. [1577219]
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