Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Obstructive Sleep Apnea Types

Types of sleep apnea include:

  • Obstructive sleep apnea:
    • Structures in the mouth or throat block the airway during sleep
  • Central sleep apnea:
    • Weak signals from the brain reduce the normal drive to breathe
  • Mixed sleep apnea:
    • A combination of obstructive and central sleep apnea

Last Updated: Jan 4, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Obstructive Sleep Apnea References
  1. Bottini P, Tantucci C. Sleep apnea syndrome in endocrine diseases. Respiration. 2003 May-Jun;70(3):320-7. [12915757]
  2. Goncalves MA, Paiva T, Ramos E, Guilleminault C. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, sleepiness, and quality of life. Chest. 2004 Jun;125(6):2091-6. [15189926]
  3. Guilleminault C, Lee JH, Chan A. Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2005 Aug;159(8):775-85. [16061787]
  4. Kohler M, Bloch KE, Stradling JR. The role of the nose in the pathogenesis of obstructive sleep apnoea and snoring. Eur Respir J. 2007 Dec;30(6):1208-15. [18055705]
  5. Li KK. Surgical therapy for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 2005 Feb;26(1):80-8. [16052420]
  6. Norman D, Loredo JS. Obstructive sleep apnea in older adults. Clin Geriatr Med. 2008 Feb;24(1):151-65, ix. [18035238]
  7. Wieber SJ. The cardiac consequences of the obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome. Mt Sinai J Med. 2005 Jan;72(1):10-2. [15682256]
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