Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Obstructive Lung Disease Types

Two main types of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) include:

  • Chronic bronchitis:
    • Chronic irritation causes the airway walls to make a lot of mucus and causes frequent coughing.
  • Emphysema:
    • Refers to the destroyed bronchioles and tiny air pockets in the lungs. These are the parts of the lung that pass oxygen and carbon dioxide in and out of the bloodstream.

Most people with COPD suffer from a combination of both types.

Continue to Obstructive Lung Disease Anatomy

Last Updated: Jun 1, 2009 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Obstructive Lung Disease References
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  2. Doherty DE, Briggs DD Jr. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: epidemiology, pathogenesis, disease course, and prognosis. Clin Cornerstone. 2004;Suppl 2:S5-16. [15500179]
  3. Ebell MH. Systemic corticosteroids for acute exacerbations of COPD. Am Fam Physician. 2005 Aug 1;72(3):437-8. [16100857]
  4. Kerstjens H, Postma D, Ten Hacken N. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Clin Evid. 2004 Jun;(11):2003-30. [15652094]
  5. Weder MM, Donohue JF. Role of bronchodilators in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 2005 Apr;26(2):221-34. [16088439]
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