Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Overview

What is normal pressure hydrocephalus?
A person with normal pressure hydrocephalus has a buildup of cerebrospinal fluid on the inside the brain. This places pressure against the inside of the brain, which can cause the brain to malfunction. The cause for normal pressure hydrocephalus is unknown.

What are the symptoms of normal pressure hydrocephalus?
Symptoms of normal pressure hydrocephalus include difficulty concentrating, difficulty communicating, mood changes, disorientation, confusion, memory loss, difficulty walking, poor balance, and urinary incontinence.

How does the doctor treat normal pressure hydrocephalus?
Treatment for normal pressure hydrocephalus includes the surgical placement of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt, which is a tube that drains fluid from the brain, into the abdominal cavity.

Continue to Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Incidence

Last Updated: Aug 28, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus References
  1. Bret P, Chazal J. Chronic ("normal pressure") hydrocephalus in childhood and adolescence. A review of 16 cases and reappraisal of the syndrome. Childs Nerv Syst. 1995 Dec;11(12):687-91. [8750950]
  2. Hebb AO, Cusimano MD. Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: a systematic review of diagnosis and outcome. Neurosurgery. 2001 Nov;49(5):1166-84. [11846911]
  3. Marmarou A, Young HF, Aygok GA, Sawauchi S, Tsuji O, Yamamoto T, Dunbar J. Diagnosis and management of idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus: a prospective study in 151 patients. J Neurosurg. 2005 Jun;102(6):987-97. [16028756]
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