Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Non-Exudative Macular Degeneration Types

The two types of macular degeneration include:

  • Dry macular degeneration (age-related or non-exudative)
  • Wet macular degeneration (exudative)

Dry Macular Degeneration
  • Most common type
  • Caused by aging and thinning of the tissues of the macula
  • Loss of vision is gradual.
  • Major cause of blindness in Americans over 65 years of age

Wet Macular Degeneration
  • Caused by abnormal blood vessels in the back of the eye
  • Less common but more severe than dry macular degeneration
  • Accounts for fewer than 10% of all cases of macular degeneration
  • Causes vision loss and blindness

Continue to Non-Exudative Macular Degeneration Anatomy

Last Updated: Jan 25, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Non-Exudative Macular Degeneration References
  1. Chakravarthy U, Stevenson M. Self-reported visual functioning and quality of life in age-related macular degeneration. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2005 Jun;16(3):179-83. [15870576]
  2. DeBlack SS. Cigarette smoking as a risk factor for cataract and age-related macular degeneration: a review of the literature. Optometry. 2003 Feb;74(2):99-110. [12585737]
  3. Liu M, Regillo CD. A review of treatments for macular degeneration: a synopsis of currently approved treatments and ongoing clinical trials. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2004 Jun;15(3):221-6. [15118509]
  4. Smith BT, Belani S, Ho AC. Light energy, cataract surgery, and progression of age-related macular degeneration. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2005 Jun;16(3):166-9. [15870573]
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