Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Nephrotic Syndrome Evaluation

The evaluation of nephrotic syndrome begins with a history and physical exam.

Physical findings in someone with nephrotic syndrome may include:


Physical findings in someone with kidney failure include:

Urine and blood tests are required to make the diagnosis of nephrotic syndrome.

Tests that may be used to evaluate nephrotic syndrome include:

Additional tests may be used to evaluate the structure and function of the kidneys.

Additional tests that may be used to evaluate the kidneys include:

For more information:

Continue to Nephrotic Syndrome Treatment

Last Updated: Dec 21, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Nephrotic Syndrome References
  1. Durkan A, Hodson EM, Willis NS, Craig JC. Non-corticosteroid treatment for nephrotic syndrome in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005 Apr 18;(2):CD002290. [15846634]
  2. Habashy D, Hodson EM, Craig JC. Interventions for steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome: a systematic review. Pediatr Nephrol. 2003 Sep;18(9):906-12. [12836096]
  3. Hodson EM, Knight JF, Willis NS, Craig JC. Corticosteroid therapy for nephrotic syndrome in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005 Jan 25;(1):CD001533. [15674881]
  4. Hogg RJ. Adolescents with proteinuria and/or the nephrotic syndrome. Adolesc Med Clin. 2005 Feb;16(1):163-72. [15844389]
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