Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Neoplasm of the Bladder Risk Factors

Risk factors for bladder cancer include:

  • Occupational exposure and bladder cancer:
    • Painters
    • Workers in the rubber, metal, textile, and leather industries
  • Smoking: triples the risk of bladder cancer
  • Exposure to secondary smoke
  • Caucasian race
  • Exposure to radiation

Continue to Neoplasm of the Bladder Symptoms

Last Updated: Dec 2, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Neoplasm of the Bladder References
  1. Johansson SL, Cohen SM: Epidemiology and etiology of bladder cancer. Semin Surg Oncol 1997 Sep-Oct; 13(5): 291-8. [9259084]
  2. Montironi R, Lopez-Beltran A. The 2004 WHO classification of bladder tumors: a summary and commentary. Int J Surg Pathol. 2005 Apr;13(2):143-53. [15864376]
  3. Rosenberg JE, Carroll PR, Small EJ. Update on chemotherapy for advanced bladder cancer. J Urol. 2005 Jul;174(1):14-20. [15947569]
  4. Warde P, Gospodarowicz MK: New approaches in the use of radiation therapy in the treatment of infiltrative transitional-cell cancer of the bladder. World J Urol 1997; 15(2): 125-33. [9144903]
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