Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation Treatment questions for doctor specialist Home Care pain in adults pain in children warning signs Prevention Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Types Anatomy

Neck Sprain or Strain Overview

What is a neck sprain or strain?
A person with a neck sprain or strain has stretched, or torn, the muscles or ligaments in the neck. Ligaments are strong fibrous bands that hold bones together. The most common causes of neck sprain or strain include sport injuries and motor vehicle accidents.

What are the symptoms of a neck sprain or strain?
Symptoms of a neck sprain or strain include neck pain that worsens with movement, neck stiffness, neck muscle tenderness, neck swelling, and neck muscle spasms.

How does the doctor treat a neck sprain or strain?
Treatment for a neck sprain or strain includes rest, cervical collar, cold compresses for the first 48 hours, warm compresses, gentle stretching, massage, physical therapy, muscle relaxants, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain.

Continue to Neck Sprain or Strain Risk Factors

Last Updated: Aug 27, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
Copyright DSHI Systems, Inc. Powered by: FreeMD - Your Virtual Doctor

PubMed Neck Sprain or Strain References
  1. Croft AC, Herring P, Freeman MD, Haneline MT. The neck injury criterion: future considerations. Accid Anal Prev. 2002 Mar;34(2):247-55. [11829295]
  2. Hoffman JR, Wolfson AB, Todd K, Mower WR. Selective cervical spine radiography in blunt trauma: methodology of the National Emergency X-Radiography Utilization Study (NEXUS). Ann Emerg Med. 1998 Oct;32(4):461-9. [9774931]
  3. Joslin CC, Khan SN, Bannister GC. Long-term disability after neck injury. a comparative study. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2004 Sep;86(7):1032-4. [15446533]
  4. Kasch H, Stengaard-Pedersen K, Arendt-Nielsen L, Staehelin Jensen T. Headache, neck pain, and neck mobility after acute whiplash injury: a prospective study. Spine. 2001 Jun 1;26(11):1246-51. [11389391]
  5. Kerr D, Bradshaw L, Kelly AM. Implementation of the Canadian C-spine rule reduces cervical spine x-ray rate for alert patients with potential neck injury. J Emerg Med. 2005 Feb;28(2):127-31. [15707805]
  6. McIntosh AS, McCrory P. Preventing head and neck injury. Br J Sports Med. 2005 Jun;39(6):314-8. Review. [15911597]
  7. Nederhand MJ, Hermens HJ, IJzerman MJ, Turk DC, Zilvold G. Chronic neck pain disability due to an acute whiplash injury. Pain. 2003 Mar;102(1-2):63-71. [12620597]
FreeMD is provided for information purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for evaluation and treatment by a physician. Please review our terms of use.