Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Symptoms Evaluation Treatment questions for doctor specialist Home Care pain control warning signs Outlook Underlying Cause Types congenital torticollis

Neck Spasms Evaluation

The evaluation of torticollis begins with a history and physical exam.

Physical findings in someone with torticollis include:

  • Neck tenderness
  • Severe spasm and tightness of the neck muscles on one side
  • Spasm in the muscles of the shoulder and upper back
  • Decreased range of motion of the neck
    • Head stays rotated and tilted to one side

Tests are not necessary to make the diagnosis of torticollis.

Tests that may be used to evaluate torticollis include:

Continue to Neck Spasms Treatment

Last Updated: Jan 6, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Neck Spasms References
  1. Jhee SS, Zarotsky V, Mohaupt SM, Yones CL, Sims SJ. Delayed onset of oculogyric crisis and torticollis with intramuscular haloperidol. Ann Pharmacother. 2003 Oct;37(10):1434-7. [14519055]
  2. Sa DS, Mailis-Gagnon A, Nicholson K, Lang AE. Posttraumatic painful torticollis. Mov Disord. 2003 Dec;18(12):1482-91. [14673885]
  3. Shim JS, Noh KC, Park SJ. Treatment of congenital muscular torticollis in patients older than 8 years. J Pediatr Orthop. 2004 Nov-Dec;24(6):683-8. [15502570]
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