Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Narrowed Aortic Valve Heart Diet

Diet changes for people with heart failure due to aortic stenosis:

  • Control Dietary Salt:
    • Lower dietary sodium by following a special hypertension diet (2-4 grams of sodium per day) that is low in salt.
    • Foods that are high in salt should be avoided.
    • Do not use table salt; consider a salt substitute with your doctor's consent. Season foods with dried herbs, garlic, onion, or lemons.
    • See cardiac diet for more information.
  • Fluid restriction:
    • Ask your doctor what degree you need to restrict fluid consumption.
    • Ask your doctor how many 8 ounce cups (240 ml) of water are you allowed to drink per day.
    • Remember 2 cups (1 pint or about 500 ml) of retained fluid will equal one pound (2.2 kg) of fluid weight gain.
  • General Diet:

A healthy diet to for those with heart disease should include:
  • Limit total fat intake to no more than 20 to 25% of your total calories:
    • Less than 7% of the day's total calories from saturated fat.
    • Up to 10% of the day's total calories from polyunsaturated fat.
    • Up to 20% of the day's total calories from monounsaturated fat
  • Less than 200 milligrams of dietary cholesterol a day.
  • Just enough calories to achieve and maintain a healthy weight. (You may want to ask your doctor or registered dietitian what is a reasonable calorie level for you.)
  • Eat plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables
  • Eat more complex carbohydrates, such as starch and fiber. Whole grains and brown rice are good fiber sources. Other sources include:
    • Fruits
    • Vegetables
    • Bran
    • Barley
    • Oats
    • Legumes
  • Limit iron intake: too much iron can increase atherosclerosis
  • Avoid fad diets: eat a well-rounded diet instead
  • Check with your doctor about supplementing your diet with B vitamins. Some people may benefit from these supplements.

Continue to Narrowed Aortic Valve Questions For Doctor

Last Updated: Nov 30, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Narrowed Aortic Valve References
  1. Boon NA, Bloomfield P.. The medical management of valvar heart disease. Heart. 2002 Apr;87(4):395-400. [11907022]
  2. Graham TP Jr, Driscoll DJ, Gersony WM, Newburger JW, Rocchini A, Towbin JA. Task Force 2: congenital heart disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Apr 19;45(8):1326-33. [15837282]
  3. Hughes BR, Chahoud G, Mehta JL. Aortic stenosis: is it simply a degenerative process or an active atherosclerotic process? Clin Cardiol. 2005 Mar;28(3):111-4. [15813615]
  4. Segal BL. Valvular heart disease, Part 1. Diagnosis and surgical management of aortic valve disease in older adults. Geriatrics. 2003 Sep;58(9):31-5. [14518175]
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