Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Myocardial Fibrosis Overview

Another name for Myocardial Fibrosis is Endomyocardial Eosinophilic Fibrosis.

What is endomyocardial eosinophilic fibrosis?
A person with endomyocardial eosinophilic fibrosis has inflammation of the heart, caused by a buildup of eosinophils in the heart muscle. Eosinophils are white blood cells, which fight infection. Endomyocardial eosinophilic fibrosis can result in enlargement of the heart and congestive heart failure. The exact cause of endomyocardial eosinophilic fibrosis is unknown. It is most common in tropical areas of the world, and may be triggered by parasitic infections.

What are the symptoms of endomyocardial eosinophilic fibrosis?
Endomyocardial eosinophilic fibrosis causes symptoms of congestive heart failure. Symptoms include cough, wheezing, difficulty breathing with exertion, and swelling in both legs.

How does the doctor treat endomyocardial eosinophilic fibrosis?
Treatment for endomyocardial eosinophilic fibrosis includes fluid restriction, low salt diet, low cholesterol diet, diuretics, and other heart medications. Other options include surgery to repair a heart valve and heart lung transplantation.

Continue to Myocardial Fibrosis Symptoms

Last Updated: Sep 21, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Myocardial Fibrosis References
  1. Berensztein CS, Pineiro D, Marcotegui M, Brunoldi R, Blanco MV, Lerman J. Usefulness of echocardiography and doppler echocardiography in endomyocardial fibrosis. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2000 May;13(5):385-92. [10804436]
  2. Niino T, Shiono M, Yamamoto T, Inoue T, Hirose H, Saito A, Funahasi M, Negishi N, Sezai Y, Honma T, Nemoto N. A case of left ventricular endomyocardial fibrosis. Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2002 Jun;8(3):173-6. [1247917]
  3. Santos CL, Moraes CR, Santos FL, Moraes F, Brindeiro Filho D. Endomyocardial fibrosis in children. Cardiol Young. 2001 Mar;11(2):205-9. [11293740]
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