Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms Arnold-Chiari hydrocephalus tethered cord syndrome Treatment specialist Home Care warning signs Prevention diet Complications Underlying Cause Types Anatomy

Myelomeningocele Symptoms

The symptoms of spina bifida vary, depending on the severity of the malformation.

Symptoms of spina bifida may include:


Symptoms of severe spina bifida may include:

Spina bifida may include symptoms of three additional syndromes:
  • Arnold Chiari malformation:
    • Back of the skull is malformed
    • Pressure is placed on the back of the brain, called the cerebellum
  • Hydrocephalus:
    • Increased fluid on the brain
  • Tethered cord syndrome:
    • The spinal cord is stretched in the spinal canal.
    • This causes the spinal cord to malfunction.

Arnold-Chiari malformation
Symptoms of Arnold-Chiari malformation in infants include:

Symptoms of Arnold-Chiari malformation in adolescents and adults include:

Hydrocephalus
Symptoms of hydrocephalus in infants include:

Symptoms of hydrocephalus in children include:

Tethered Cord Syndrome
Symptoms of tethered cord syndrome include:

Myelomeningocele Arnold-Chiari

Myelomeningocele Hydrocephalus

Increased fluid on the brain, or hydrocephalus, can cause different symptoms, depending on the age of the person.

Symptoms of hydrocephalus in infants include:


Symptoms of hydrocephalus in children include:

Myelomeningocele Tethered Cord Syndrome

In tethered cord syndrome, the spinal cord is stretched in the spinal canal. This causes the spinal cord to malfunction.

Symptoms of tethered cord syndrome include:

Continue to Myelomeningocele Treatment

Last Updated: Jan 24, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Myelomeningocele References
  1. Barf HA, Verhoef M, Jennekens-Schinkel A, Post MW, Gooskens RH, Prevo AJ. Cognitive status of young adults with spina bifida. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2003 Dec;45(12):813-20. [14667073]
  2. Mitchell LE, Adzick NS, Melchionne J, Pasquariello PS, Sutton LN, Whitehead AS. Spina bifida. Lancet. 2004 Nov 20-26;364(9448):1885-95. [15555669]
  3. Rendeli C, Ausili E, Tabacco F, Caliandro P, Aprile I, Tonali P, Salvaggio E, Padua L. Assessment of health status in children with spina bifida. Spinal Cord. 2005 Apr;43(4):230-5. [15655570]
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