Another name for Myelomeningocele is Spina Bifida.
What is spina bifida?
An infant with spina bifida has a birth defect that results in a deformed spinal cord or spinal column. The cause for spina bifida is unknown. For some reason, the spinal column does not form correctly during development in the womb. About 1 out of 3,500 infants are born with spina bifida in the US each year. Many develop hydrocephalus, or increased fluid pressure inside the brain. Spina bifida occulta is the mildest and most common form of spina bifida.
What are the symptoms of spina bifida?
The symptoms and signs of spina bifida vary, depending on how severely the spine is deformed. Symptoms of spina bifida may include scoliosis, urinary incontinence, clubfoot, hip dislocation, leg weakness (bilateral), difficulty walking, and fatigue.
How does the doctor treat spina bifida?
Treatment for spina bifida may include surgery and a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt.
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