Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Muscle Spasms Overview

Another name for Muscle Spasms is Muscle Cramps.

What are muscle cramps?
A person with muscle cramps has painful, uncontrolled tightening of the muscles. Muscle cramps are commonly associated with a muscle injury, such as a muscle strain.

What are the symptoms of muscle cramps?
Symptoms of muscle cramps include sudden, painful tightening of muscles, and inability to use the muscles. Depending on the locations, symptoms may include leg pain, arm pain, neck pain, abdominal pain, and back pain.

How does the doctor treat muscle cramps?
Treatment for muscle cramps depends on the underlying cause. Treatment may include intravenous fluid and electrolyte replacement, muscle stretching, massage, or muscle relaxant medications.

Continue to Muscle Spasms Symptoms

Last Updated: Feb 10, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Muscle Spasms References
  1. de Carvalho M, Swash M. Cramps, muscle pain, and fasciculations: not always benign? Neurology. 2004 Aug 24;63(4):721-3. [15326252]
  2. Diener HC, Dethlefsen U, Dethlefsen-Gruber S, Verbeek P. Effectiveness of quinine in treating muscle cramps: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, multicentre trial. Int J Clin Pract. 2002 May;56(4):243-6. [12074203]
  3. Jansen PH, Veenhuizen KC, Wesseling AI, de Boo T, Verbeek AL. Randomised controlled trial of hydroquinine in muscle cramps. Lancet. 1997 Feb 22;349(9051):528-32. [9048790]
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