Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Symptoms Evaluation Treatment questions for doctor specialist Home Care pain control warning signs Outlook Underlying Cause Types congenital torticollis

Muscle Spasms Neck Underlying Cause

Torticollis may be congenital or acquired. Congenital torticollis is caused by an injury to a newborn's neck during delivery. Acquired torticollis occurs later in life.

Causes of acquired torticollis include:

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Last Updated: Aug 13, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Muscle Spasms Neck References
  1. Jhee SS, Zarotsky V, Mohaupt SM, Yones CL, Sims SJ. Delayed onset of oculogyric crisis and torticollis with intramuscular haloperidol. Ann Pharmacother. 2003 Oct;37(10):1434-7. [14519055]
  2. Sa DS, Mailis-Gagnon A, Nicholson K, Lang AE. Posttraumatic painful torticollis. Mov Disord. 2003 Dec;18(12):1482-91. [14673885]
  3. Shim JS, Noh KC, Park SJ. Treatment of congenital muscular torticollis in patients older than 8 years. J Pediatr Orthop. 2004 Nov-Dec;24(6):683-8. [15502570]
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