Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Muscle Spasms Esophagus Complications

Complications of esophageal spasm include:

Continue to Muscle Spasms Esophagus Underlying Cause

Last Updated: Jan 31, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Muscle Spasms Esophagus References
  1. Handa M, Mine K, Yamamoto H, Hayashi H, Tsuchida O, Kanazawa F, Kubo C. Antidepressant treatment of patients with diffuse esophageal spasm: a psychosomatic approach. J Clin Gastroenterol. 1999 Apr;28(3):228-32. [1019260]
  2. Kato T, Naiki T, Araki H, Nagaki M, Moriwaki H. Diffuse esophageal spasm. Gastrointest Endosc. 2004 Sep;60(3):428. [15332036]
  3. Storr M. Balloon dilation in patients with diffuse esophageal spasm. Gastrointest Endosc. 2005 Mar;61(3):501. [15758941]
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