Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Symptoms Evaluation Treatment Home Care pain control warning signs Prevention Underlying Cause Anatomy

Muscle Cramps Underlying Cause

Common causes for muscle spasms, muscle cramps, and muscle twitching include:


Less common causes for muscle spasms, muscle cramps, and muscle twitching include:

Continue to Muscle Cramps Anatomy

Last Updated: Feb 8, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Muscle Cramps References
  1. de Carvalho M, Swash M. Cramps, muscle pain, and fasciculations: not always benign? Neurology. 2004 Aug 24;63(4):721-3. [15326252]
  2. Diener HC, Dethlefsen U, Dethlefsen-Gruber S, Verbeek P. Effectiveness of quinine in treating muscle cramps: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, multicentre trial. Int J Clin Pract. 2002 May;56(4):243-6. [12074203]
  3. Jansen PH, Veenhuizen KC, Wesseling AI, de Boo T, Verbeek AL. Randomised controlled trial of hydroquinine in muscle cramps. Lancet. 1997 Feb 22;349(9051):528-32. [9048790]
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