Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Multiple Sclerosis Overview

What is multiple sclerosis?
A person with multiple sclerosis has inflammation of the brain and spinal cord, which weakens the nervous system. The exact cause for multiple sclerosis is not known. The immune system mistakenly destroys the lining that covers nerves, called myelin. This causes the nerves in the brain and spinal cord to malfunction. The severity of multiple sclerosis varies from person to person. About 70 percent of people with multiple sclerosis lead active, productive lives.

What are the symptoms of multiple sclerosis?
Early symptoms of multiple sclerosis include blurry vision, double vision, and eye pain. Additional symptoms of multiple sclerosis include constipation, difficulty with balance, arm or leg numbness, weakness, fatigue, muscle spasms, tremor, difficulty walking, and depression.

How does the doctor treat multiple sclerosis?
Treatment for multiple sclerosis includes a variety of medications, such as antidepressants, medications to reduce muscle spasms, corticosteroids, and immunosuppressant medications. Additional treatment for multiple sclerosis may include physical therapy and occupational therapy.

Continue to Multiple Sclerosis Incidence

Last Updated: Aug 20, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Multiple Sclerosis References
  1. Filippini G, Munari L, Incorvaia B, Ebers GC, Polman C, D'Amico R, Rice GP. Interferons in relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis: a systematic review. Lancet. 2003 Feb 15;361(9357):545-52. [12598138]
  2. Kahana E. Epidemiologic studies of multiple sclerosis: a review. Biomed Pharmacother. 2000 Mar;54(2):100-2. [10759294]
  3. Poser CM, Brinar VV. Diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis: an historical review. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2004 Jun;106(3):147-58. [15177763]
  4. Sorensen PS. Treatment of multiple sclerosis with intravenous immunoglobulin: review of clinical trials. Neurol Sci. 2003 Oct;24 Suppl 4:S227-30. [14598048]
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